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QTP Interview Questions & Answers - Learning Mode
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QTP Interview Questions & Answers - Learning Mode

Quick Test Professional (QTP) is an automated functional Graphical User Interface (GUI) testing tool created by the HP subsidiary Mercury Interactive that allows the automation of user actions on a web or client based computer application.

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QTP Interview Questions & Answers - Learning Mode
Try QTP Interview Questions & Answers - Exam Mode
Question: How to execute qtp script from command prompt?



Answer: [Files]
NumberOfFiles=2
File1=C:Program FilesMercury InteractiveQuickTest ProfessionalTestsmailobjectexample;1
File2=C:Program FilesMercury InteractiveQuickTest ProfessionalTestsatch2_test;1


this is just a sample hope this would help any dbts get back
Source: CoolInterview.com
Question: How to change a name of an object in a application?



Answer: As a tester u only check the functionalities of the ojects. Developes can do that one. okthe blow answer gives u a good idea.When recording an object QuickTest Professional uses one of the object's properties as the logical name for the object (the name displayed in the Expert View and in the KeywardView modes).You can change the property that is used to be a different one by specifying which property's value you want to use as the logical name for the object.For example in order to use Source: CoolInterview.com
Question: Explain the check points in QTP?

Answer: A checkpoint verifies that expected information is displayed in an Application while the test is running. You can add eight types of checkpoints to your test for standard web objects using QTP. A page checkpoint checks the characteristics of an Application. A text checkpoint checks that a text string is displayed in the appropriate place on an Application. An object checkpoint (Standard) checks the values of an object on an Application. An image checkpoint checks the values of an image on an App Source: CoolInterview.com
Question: Can you do more than just capture and playback?




Answer: I have done Dynamically capturing the objects during runtime in which no recording, no playback and no use of repository is done AT ALL.
-It was done by the windows scripting using the DOM(Document Object Model) of the windows. Source: CoolInterview.com
Question: Give me an example where you have used a COM interface in your QTP project?



Answer: Com inteface appears in the scenario of front end and back end.for eg:if you r using oracle as back end and front end as VB or any language then for better compatibility we will go for an interface.of which COM wil be one among those intefaces.
Source: CoolInterview.com
Question: How can i run the 2 GUI merge files?



Answer: Do u mean by merging Gui map files in WR?If so, by merging GUI map files in GUI map editor it wont create corresponding test script.without testscript u cant run a file.so it is impossible to run a file by merging 2 GUI map files. Source: CoolInterview.com
Question: How do we connect to Oracle database from QTP ?



Answer: Either we can user Microsoft Query Wizard,or we can connect by harcoding the DB Connection string and all in Expert view.

We have to create a new DSN or we can use the existing DSN to connect to the database
Source: CoolInterview.com
Question: What is the method used to focus on particuler field.I need the script.
I will give example.
I flights application login page by default the focus is on username field. for this i will check the focus was there or not by using getroproprty method but if focue is not there which method i need to use.



Answer: The method used to focus on particuler fie is

getroproperty: retrives the pericula property.

setroproperty: set the property to perticula object....

to focus to the perticulat text we can use this method:

object.GetTextLocation (TextToFind, Left, Top, Right, Bottom, [MatchWholeWordOnly])

object.GetTextLocation (TextToFind, Left, Top, Right, Bottom, [MatchWholeWordOnly]
Source: CoolInterview.com
Question: Is it possible to change from Shared Object Repository to Per Action Repository or vice verse. if Yes then How



Answer: Go to Test-->Settings-->select the Resources Tab,There you can find Shared or Per action radio button,You can Select which ever you want. Source: CoolInterview.com
Question: What is the advantage of using action button in you presentation?



Answer: Action button is used to split ur recored scriped into number of action.this help to reduce complexcity of ur script. Scripts are divided in to action at the time of recording or after the complettion of recording also. u can make action as reusable action.the main advantage of action are1. U can call any existing action(reusable)- this save ur time and memory.2. U can call any copy of action plus u can also append action. Source: CoolInterview.com
Question: How does QTP recognize Objects in AUT?

Answer: Quick Test stores the definitions for application objects in a file called the Object Repository. As you record your test, Quick Test will add an entry for each item you interact with. Each Object Repository entry will be identified by a logical name (determined automatically by Quick Test), and will contain a set of properties (type, name, etc) that uniquely identify each object. Each line in the Quick Test script will contain a reference to the object that you interacted with, a call to the ap Source: CoolInterview.com
Question: How can you show the data from a particular row and a particular colum from Data Table in QTP



Answer: Try this below code

NumColumns=datatable.GlobalSheet.GetParameterCount
NumRows=datatable.GlobalSheet.getrowcount
For i = 1 to NumRows
Datatable.SetCurrentRow(i)
For j = 1 to NumColumns
tblCellText = Datatable(j,dtGlobalsheet)
If tblCellText <> "" Then
Msgbox "The Text in Row: " & i & " and Column: " & j & " is: " & tblCellText
End If
Next
Next


Source: CoolInterview.com
Question: What is Parameterizing Tests?

Answer: When you test your application, you may want to check how it performs the same operations with multiple sets of data. For example, suppose you want to check how your application responds to ten separate sets of data. You could record ten separate tests, each with its own set of data. Alternatively, you can create a parameterized test that runs ten times: each time the test runs, it uses a different set of data. Source: CoolInterview.com
Question: What the differences are and best practical application of each.



Answer: Per Action: For Each Action, one Object Repository is created.
Shared : One Object Repository is used by entire application Source: CoolInterview.com
Question: How to recall a function in QTP



Answer: There also u follow the same procedure. See the sample code

Function addition(x,y)
z= x+y
msgbox z
End Function

Call addition(1,2)
Call addition(2,2)

I think i am clear :)
Source: CoolInterview.com
Question: We are trying to avoid that anybody see our script after we wrote it. Did anybody know how to do this? Is there any tool/way to read an .exe or .dll so we can make our script then compile it and then include in a QTP script and not allow anybody to see our code?



Answer: this is a new feature which is present in qtp 9.0 silent runner .if we have a good knowledge of qtp we can run the qtp as silent in 8.2 also


Source: CoolInterview.com
Question: Explain about the Test Fusion Report of QTP?

Answer: Once a tester has run a test, a Test Fusion report displays all aspects of the test run: a high-level results overview, an expandable Tree View of the test specifying exactly where application failures occurred, the test data used, application screen shots for every step that highlight any discrepancies, and detailed explanations of each checkpoint pass and failure. By combining Test Fusion reports with Quick Test Professional, you can share reports across an entire QA and development team. Source: CoolInterview.com
Question: Out if the given solution which is the way to find a window is minimized or not
a) Get the abs_x " and "abs_y runtime values and check if they are equal to 3200
b) ICheck weather the window exist or not
c) Try to click on a control in a window and if it fails, assume that the window is minimized
d) There is no option to check whether a window is minimized or not




Answer: A would be the right approach to do that Source: CoolInterview.com
Question: Can we mask a Code In .vbs file so that it is not viewable to others?



Answer: VBS file is visible in notepad only not in QTP. we can?add .vbs files in QTP, test menu->setting->Resource Tab.
Source: CoolInterview.com
Question: Explain the concept of object repository & how QTP recognizes objects?

Answer: Object Repository: displays a tree of all objects in the current component or in the current action or entire test (depending on the object repository mode you selected). We can view or modify the test object description of any test object in the repository or to add new objects to the repository. Quicktest learns the default property values and determines in which test object class it fits. If it is not enough it adds assistive properties, one by one to the description until it has compiled the Source: CoolInterview.com

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