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XML Interview Questions & Answers - Learning Mode
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XML Interview Questions & Answers - Learning Mode

Extensible Markup Language (XML) is a markup language that defines a set of rules for encoding documents in a format that is both human-readable and machine-readable. Extensible Markup Language (XML) is used to describe data. The XML standard is a flexible way to create information formats and electronically share structured data via the public Internet, as well as via corporate networks. XML is a way of adding intelligence to your documents. It lets you identify each element using meaningful tags and it lets you add information ("metatdata") about that element.

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DTD Interview Questions & Answers (8) Learning Mode | Exam Mode

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SOAP Interview Questions & Answers (36) Learning Mode | Exam Mode

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XML Interview Questions & Answers - Learning Mode
Try XML Interview Questions & Answers - Exam Mode
Question: If XML is just a subset of SGML, can I use XML files directly with existing SGML tools?

Answer: Yes, provided you use up-to-date SGML software which knows about the WebSGML Adaptations TC to ISO 8879 (the features needed to support XML, such as the variant form for EMPTY elements; some aspects of the SGML Declaration such as NAMECASE GENERAL NO; multiple attribute token list declarations, etc).
An alternative is to use an SGML DTD to let you create a fully-normalised SGML file, but one which does not use empty elements; and then remove the DocType Declaration so it becomes a well-formed Source: CoolInterview.com
Question: Describe the role that XSL can play when dynamically generating HTML pages from a relational database.

Answer: Querying a database and then formatting the result set so that it can be validated as an XML document allows developers to translate the data into an HTML table using XSLT rules. Consequently, the format of the resulting HTML table can be modified without changing the database query or application code since the document rendering logic is isolated to the XSLT rules. Source: CoolInterview.com
Question: What is server-side XPointer?

Answer: The XPointer Framework provides an authoritative and extensible interpretation of the semantics of fragment identifiers for XML media types. However, HTTP does NOT transmit the fragment identifier as part of the HTTP request. Therefore XPointer is generally applied by the client, not by the server.
For example, assuming that http://www.myorg.org/myTripleStore identifies a resource that is willing to negotiate for RDF/XML, then the following is typical of an HTTP request for an RDF/XML represe Source: CoolInterview.com
Question: Explain about XML signature?

Answer: XML signature is recommended by w3c. It acts as a digital signature for XML documents. This technology is used by various technologies such as SAML, SOAP, etc. You can use this technology whenever you can access a specific XML document in a URL. If the signature is contained outside the document then it is called as a detached signature. When it is contained inside the document then it is called as enveloping signature. Source: CoolInterview.com
Question: What is XML Encoding?

Answer: XML documents may contain Non-ASCII characters like French and Norwegian characters. XML Encoding is used to avoid errors and XML files have to be saved as Unicode. Source: CoolInterview.com
Question: What are the differences between SAX and DOM parsers?

Answer: Both SAX and DOM are used to parse the XML document. Both has advantages and disadvantages and can be used in our programming depending on the situation

SAX:
1. Parses node by node
2. Doesnt store the XML in memory
3. We cant insert or delete a node
4. Top to bottom traversing
DOM
1. Stores the entire XML document
into memory before processing
2. Occupies more memory
3. We can insert or delete nodes
4. Traverse in any direction.
If we need to find a node a Source: CoolInterview.com
Question: What is an XML namespace name?

Answer: An XML namespace name is a URI that uniquely identifies the namespace. URIs are used because they are widely understood and well documented. Because people may only allocate URIs under their control, it is easy to ensure that no two XML namespaces are identified by the same URI. Source: CoolInterview.com
Question: What is SOAP and how does it relate to XML?

Answer: The Simple Object Access Protocol (SOAP) uses XML to define a protocol for the exchange of information in distributed computing environments. SOAP consists of three components: an envelope, a set of encoding rules, and a convention for representing remote procedure calls. Unless experience with SOAP is a direct requirement for the open position, knowing the specifics of the protocol, or how it can be used in conjunction with HTTP, is not as important as identifying it as a natural application of Source: CoolInterview.com
Question: How do I implement an application-specific XPointer scheme?

Answer: Implement org.CognitiveWeb.xpointer.ISchemeProcessor
The XPointer Framework is extensible. One of the very coolest things about this is that you can develop your own XPointer schemes that expose your application using the data model that makes the most sense for your application clients.
For example, let's say that you have a CRM application. The important logical addressing units probably deal with concepts such as customers, channels, and products. You can directly expose these data Source: CoolInterview.com
Question: What are the differences between SAX and DOM parsers?




Answer: Both SAX and DOM are used to parse the XML document. Both has advantages and disadvantages and can be used in our programming depending on the situation

SAX:

1. Parses node by node

2. Doesnt store the XML in memory

3. We cant insert or delete a node

4. Top to bottom traversing

DOM

1. Stores the entire XML document into memory before processing

2. Occupies more memory

3. We can insert or delete nodes

4. Traverse in any directio Source: CoolInterview.com
Question: What is a CDATA section in XML?

Answer: The term CDATA is used when you dont want some text data to be parsed by the XML parser. .............. Source: CoolInterview.com
Question: Aren't XML, SGML, and HTML all the same thing?

Answer: SGML is the mother tongue, and has been used for describing thousands of different document types in many fields of human activity, from transcriptions of ancient Irish manuscripts to the technical documentation for stealth bombers, and from patients' clinical records to musical notation. SGML is very large and complex, however, and probably overkill for most common office desktop applications.
XML is an abbreviated version of SGML, to make it easier to use over the Web, easier for you to Source: CoolInterview.com

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Latest 20 Questions
Payment of time- barred debt is: (a) Valid (b) Void (c) Illegal (d) Voidable
Consideration is defined in the Indian Contract Act,1872 in: (a) Section 2(f) (b) Section 2(e) (c) Section 2(g) (d) Section 2(d)
Which of the following is not an exception to the rule, "No consideration, No contract": (a) Natural love and affection (b) Compensation for involuntary services (c) Completed gift (d) Agency
Consideration must move at the desire of: (a) The promisor (b) The promisee (c) The promisor or any other party (d) Both the promisor and the promisee
An offer which is open for acceptance over a period of time is: (a) Cross Offer (b) Counter Offer (c) Standing Offer (d) Implied Offer
Specific offer can be communicated to__________ (a) All the parties of contract (b) General public in universe (c) Specific person (d) None of the above
_________ amounts to rejection of the original offer. (a) Cross offer (b) Special offer (c) Standing offer (d) Counter offer
A advertises to sell his old car by advertising in a newspaper. This offer is caleed: (a) General Offer (b) Special Offer (c) Continuing Offer (d) None of the above
In case a counter offer is made, the original offer stands: (a) Rejected (b) Accepted automatically (c) Accepted subject to certain modifications and variations (d) None of the above
In case of unenforceable contract having some technical defect, parties (a) Can sue upon it (b) Cannot sue upon it (c) Should consider it to be illegal (d) None of the above
If entire specified goods is perished before entering into contract of sale, the contract is (a) Valid (b) Void (c) Voidable (d) Cancelled
______________ contracts are also caled contracts with executed consideration. (a) Unilateral (b) Completed (c) Bilateral (d) Executory
A offers B to supply books @ Rs 100 each but B accepts the same with condition of 10% discount. This is a case of (a) Counter Offer (b) Cross Offer (c) Specific Offer (d) General Offer
_____________ is a game of chance. (a) Conditional Contract (b) Contingent Contract (c) Wagering Contract (d) Quasi Contract
There is no binding contract in case of _______ as one's offer cannot be constructed as acceptance (a) Cross Offer (b) Standing Offer (c) Counter Offer (d) Special Offer
An offer is made with an intention to have negotiation from other party. This type of offer is: (a) Invitation to offer (b) Valid offer (c) Voidable (d) None of the above
When an offer is made to the world at large, it is ____________ offer. (a) Counter (b) Special (c) General (d) None of the above
Implied contract even if not in writing or express words is perfectly _______________ if all the conditions are satisfied:- (a) Void (b) Voidable (c) Valid (d) Illegal
A specific offer can be accepted by ___________. (a) Any person (b) Any friend to offeror (c) The person to whom it is made (d) Any friend of offeree
An agreement toput a fire on a person's car is a ______: (a) Legal (b) Voidable (c) Valid (d) Illegal
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