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Web Tools Interview Questions & Answers - Learning Mode

Web Tools Interview Questions & Answers - Learning Mode

Web development tools allow web developers to test and debug their code. They are different from website builders and IDEs in that they do not assist in the direct creation of a webpage, rather they are tools used for testing the user facing interface of a website or web application. Web 2.0 tools also favour a move away from the desktop-bound to the online-based, enabling users to access tools and resources from any device with internet access at any time. E.g. instead of storing bookmarks in a browser downloaded onto a single machine, users of social bookmarking sites (delicious, diigo, BibSonomy) create online accounts, to which they can add sites and pages they find interesting and which they can access from other computers and mobile devices. Recently, this principle has evolved into the concept of "cloud computing": services, including computer programmes, are accessed by end-users on demand (like drawing electricity from the National grid as and when required).

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Web Tools Interview Questions & Answers - Learning Mode
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Question: What are 2 styles web service's endpoint by using JAX-WS?

Answer: RPC (remote procedure call) style web service in JAX-WS;
document style web service in JAX-WS. Source:
Question: What is the procedure to insert an inspection checkpoint at the end of an operation?

Answer: The wsimport tool is used to parse an existing Web Services Description Language (WSDL) file and generate required files (JAX-WS portable artifacts) for web service client to access the published web services Source:
Question: What is SOAP?

Answer: SOAP (Simple Object Access Protocol) is a transport protocol for sending and receiving requests and responses on XML format, which can be used on top of transport protocols such as HTTP, SMTP, UDP, etc. Source:
Question: What is the Restlet framework?

Answer: Restlet is a lightweight, comprehensive, open source RESTful web API framework for the Java platform.
It has advantages such as
websocket and server-sent events support;
HTTP/2 support;
transparent HTTP PATCH support;
client cache service;
fluent APIs. Source:
Question: Explain about batches and how are they searched?

Answer: REST supports different formats like text, JSON and XML; SOAP only supports XML;
REST works only over HTTP(S) on a transport layer; SOAP can be used different protocols on a transport layer;
REST works with resources, each unique URL is some representation of a resource; SOAP works with operations, which implement some business logic through different interfaces;
SOAP based reads can?t be cached, for SOAP need to provide caching; REST based reads can be cached;
SOAP supports SSL secu Source:
Question: What is SOA (Service-Oriented Architecture)?

Answer: SOA (Service-Oriented Architecture) is an architectural pattern that makes possible for
services to interact with one another independently.

Web Services is a realization of SOA concept, that leverages XML, JSON, etc. and common Internet protocols such as HTTP(S), SMTP, etc.
SOA is a system-level architectural style that tries to expose business. WOA is an interface-level architectural style that focuses on the means by which these service capabilities are exposed to consumers. Source:
Question: What is WADL?

Answer: WADL (Web Application Description Language) is a XML description of a deployed RESTful web application. Source:
Question: What is JAXB (Java Architecture for XML Binding)?

Answer: JAXB (Java Architecture for XML Binding) is a Java standard that defines how Java objects are converted from and to XML. It makes reading and writing of XML via Java relatively easy. Source:
Question: What is REST (REpresentational State Transfer)?

Answer: REST (REpresentational State Transfer) is an architectural style by which data can be transmitted over transport protocol such as HTTP(S). Source:
Question: Explain the function OBYC?

Answer: "REST vs SOAP? we can rephrased to "Simplicity vs Standard". Of course, "Simplicity" with REST at most cases wins, it wins in performance, scalability and support for multiple data formats, but SOAP is favored where service requires comprehensive support for security (WS-security) and transactional safety (ACID). Source:
Question: What is RESTeasy and what are its benefits?

Answer: RESTeasy is a JBoss project, which implements of the JAX-RS specification. It has benefits such as
fully certified JAX-RS implementation; supports HTTP 1.1 caching semantics including cache revalidation;
JAXB marshalling into XML, JSON, Jackson, Fastinfoset, and Atom as well as wrappers for maps, arrays, lists, and sets of JAXB Objects;
OAuth2 and Distributed SSO with JBoss AS7;
rich set of providers for: XML, JSON, YAML, Fastinfoset, Multipart, XOP, Atom, etc. Source:
Question: What is encoding rules for header entries?

Answer: a header entry is identified by its fully qualified element name, which consists of the namespace URI and the local name. All immediate child elements of the SOAP Header element must be namespace-qualified.
the SOAP encodingStyle attribute may be used to indicate the encoding style used for the header entries.
the SOAP mustUnderstand attribute and SOAP actor attribute may be used to indicate how to process the entry and by whom. Source:
Question: What is a SOAP envelope element?

Answer: SOAP envelop element is the root element of a SOAP message which defines the XML document as a SOAP message.
An example:
<?xml version="1.0"?>
Message information
</soap:Envelope> Source:
Question: What does SOAP encodingStyle attribute defines?

Answer: SOAP encodingStyle defines the serialization rules used in a SOAP message. This attribute may appear on any element, and is scoped to that element's contents and all child elements not themselves containing such an attribute. There is no default encoding defined for a SOAP message. Source:
Question: What is JAX-WS?

Answer: JAX-WS (Java API for XML Web Services) is a set of APIs for creating web services in XML format. Source:
Question: What is the Jersey framework?

Answer: Jersey is open source framework for developing RESTful Web Services in Java that provides support for JAX-RS APIs and serves as a JAX-RS (JSR 311 & JSR 339) Reference Implementation. It has advantages such as
contains support for Web Application Description Language (WADL);
contains Jersey Test Framework which lets run and test Jersey REST services inside JUnit;
supports for the REST MVC pattern, which would allow to return a View from Jersey services rather than just data. Source:
Question: What is XOP?

XOP (XML-binary Optimized Packaging) is a mechanism defined for the serialization of XML Information Sets that contain binary data, as well as deserialization back into the XML Information Set. Source:
Question: What are web services ?

Answer: Main characteristics of the Web Services are :

1. Interoperability
2. Extensibility
3. Machine processable descriptions.

for example in simple words , when we call somebody so the person dialing and calling is the client application , while person receiving the call is server application and "hello" word is the protocol as similar to HTTP request . Source:
Question: What is MTOM (Message Transmission Optimization Mechanism)?

Answer: MTOM (Message Transmission Optimization Mechanism) is a mechanism for transmitting large binary attachments with SOAP messages as raw bytes, allowing for smaller messages. Source:
Question: What is the SOAP encoding?

Answer: SOAP encoding is a method for structuring the request which is suggested within the SOAP specification, known as the SOAP serialization. Source:

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Latest 20 Questions
Payment of time- barred debt is: (a) Valid (b) Void (c) Illegal (d) Voidable
Consideration is defined in the Indian Contract Act,1872 in: (a) Section 2(f) (b) Section 2(e) (c) Section 2(g) (d) Section 2(d)
Which of the following is not an exception to the rule, "No consideration, No contract": (a) Natural love and affection (b) Compensation for involuntary services (c) Completed gift (d) Agency
Consideration must move at the desire of: (a) The promisor (b) The promisee (c) The promisor or any other party (d) Both the promisor and the promisee
An offer which is open for acceptance over a period of time is: (a) Cross Offer (b) Counter Offer (c) Standing Offer (d) Implied Offer
Specific offer can be communicated to__________ (a) All the parties of contract (b) General public in universe (c) Specific person (d) None of the above
_________ amounts to rejection of the original offer. (a) Cross offer (b) Special offer (c) Standing offer (d) Counter offer
A advertises to sell his old car by advertising in a newspaper. This offer is caleed: (a) General Offer (b) Special Offer (c) Continuing Offer (d) None of the above
In case a counter offer is made, the original offer stands: (a) Rejected (b) Accepted automatically (c) Accepted subject to certain modifications and variations (d) None of the above
In case of unenforceable contract having some technical defect, parties (a) Can sue upon it (b) Cannot sue upon it (c) Should consider it to be illegal (d) None of the above
If entire specified goods is perished before entering into contract of sale, the contract is (a) Valid (b) Void (c) Voidable (d) Cancelled
______________ contracts are also caled contracts with executed consideration. (a) Unilateral (b) Completed (c) Bilateral (d) Executory
A offers B to supply books @ Rs 100 each but B accepts the same with condition of 10% discount. This is a case of (a) Counter Offer (b) Cross Offer (c) Specific Offer (d) General Offer
_____________ is a game of chance. (a) Conditional Contract (b) Contingent Contract (c) Wagering Contract (d) Quasi Contract
There is no binding contract in case of _______ as one's offer cannot be constructed as acceptance (a) Cross Offer (b) Standing Offer (c) Counter Offer (d) Special Offer
An offer is made with an intention to have negotiation from other party. This type of offer is: (a) Invitation to offer (b) Valid offer (c) Voidable (d) None of the above
When an offer is made to the world at large, it is ____________ offer. (a) Counter (b) Special (c) General (d) None of the above
Implied contract even if not in writing or express words is perfectly _______________ if all the conditions are satisfied:- (a) Void (b) Voidable (c) Valid (d) Illegal
A specific offer can be accepted by ___________. (a) Any person (b) Any friend to offeror (c) The person to whom it is made (d) Any friend of offeree
An agreement toput a fire on a person's car is a ______: (a) Legal (b) Voidable (c) Valid (d) Illegal
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