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Servers Interview Questions & Answers - Learning Mode

Servers Interview Questions & Answers - Learning Mode

In computing, a server is a computer program or a device that provides functionality for other programs or devices, called "clients". This architecture is called the client?server model, and a single overall computation is distributed across multiple processes or devices. In a technical sense, a server is an instance of a computer program that accepts and responds to requests made by another program; known as a client. Less formally, any device that runs server software could be considered a server as well. Servers are used to manage network resources.

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Groupware Servers Interview Questions & Answers (33) Learning Mode | Exam Mode

Web Logic Server Interview Questions & Answers (19) Learning Mode | Exam Mode

Windows Server Interview Questions & Answers (30) Learning Mode | Exam Mode

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Servers Interview Questions & Answers - Learning Mode
Try Servers Interview Questions & Answers - Exam Mode
Question: Explain what is the difference between a Thread and a Computer Process?

Answer: Computer Process: In computing, a process is an instance of a computer program that is executed sequentially by a computer system which can run several computer programs concurrently.

Thread: A thread is a several executable program that work together as a single process. For instance, one thread might send an error message to the user; another might handle error signals while the third thread might be executing the original action. Source:
Question: What is MIME & MAPI ?

Answer: MIME (Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions) is a coding standard that defines the structure of E-Mails and other Internet messages. MIME is also used for declaration of content from other Internet protocols like HTTP, Desktop environments like KDE, Gnome or Mac OS X Aqua. The standard is defined in RFC 2045. Source:
Question: What is a Web server?

Answer: This new model of Client/Server consists of thin, protable, "universal" clients that talk to superfat servers. In the simplet form, a web server returns documents when clients ask for them by name. The clients and server communicate using an RPC-like protocol called HTTP. Source:
Question: What are the ways to configure DNS & Zones?

Answer: Primary - Start of Authority for Zone. Writable copy of data.

Secondary - Read-Only Copy of Zone based on contents of Primary.

AD Integrated - Multi-Primary, Zone Data Stored in Active Directory, all Domain Controllers accessing data can Write. Each DC lists itself as Start of Authority. Replication scopes are also configurable for AD Integrated Zones.

Stub Zone - Contains NS Records of Primary Zone (mini-Secondary Zone). Source:
Question: What is Active Directory?

Answer: Active Directory is a Meta Data. Active Directory is a data base which store a data base like your user information, computer information and also other network object info. It has capabilities to manage and administor the complite Network which connect with AD. Source:
Question: What are FMSO Roles ?

Answer: Flexible Single Master Operation Roles (FSMO) Active Directory has five special roles which are vital for the smooth running of AD as a multimaster system. Some functions of AD require there is an authoritative master to which all Domain Controllers can refer to. Source:
Question: What is Remote Backup ?

Answer: Remote backups are a form of offsite backup with a difference being that you can access, restore or administer the backups while located at your source location or other physical location. The term ?remote? refers to the ability to control or administer the backups from another location.
You do not need to be physically present at the backup storage facility to access the backups.

Putting your backup hard drive at your bank safe deposit box would not be considered a remote backup. You Source:
Question: What is Tomcat?

Answer: * Tomcat is a Java Servlet container and web server from the Jakarta project of the Apache software foundation.
* A web server responds with web pages to requests from client browsers.
* Web servers can provide dynamic content based on the requests sent by the user.
* Tomcat is very good at this because it provides both Java servlet and JavaServerPages (JSP) technologies.
* Tomcat can also be used as a web server for many applications even if free servlet and JSP en Source:
Question: Explain the concepts of Tomcat Servlet Container.

Answer: * A servlet container is a specialized web server that supports servlet execution.
* It combines the basic functionality of a web server with certain Java/servlet specific optimizations and extensions (such as an integrated Java runtime environment, and the ability to automatically translate specific URLs into servlet requests).
* Individual servlets are registered with a servlet container, providing the container with information such as the functionality, the URL used for ident Source:
Question: What is scope & super scope?

Answer: A superscope is an administrative feature of Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) servers running Windows Server 2008 that you can create and manage by using the DHCP Microsoft Management Console (MMC) snap-in. By using a superscope, you can group multiple scopes as a single administrative entity. Source:
Question: What is the SYSVOL folder?

Answer: The sysVOL folder stores the server?s copy of the domain?s public files. The contents such as group policy, users etc of the sysvol folder are replicated to all domain controllers in the domain.
The sysvol folder must be located on an NTFS volume. Source:
Question: How do you check for the httpd.conf consistency and any errors in it?

Answer: apachectl configtest Source:
Question: What does apachectl graceful do?

Answer: It sends a SIGUSR1 for a restart, and starts the apache server if it?s not running. Source:
Question: Why do I get the message "? no listening sockets available, shutting down"?

Answer: In Apache 2 you need to have a listen directive. Just put Listen 80 in httpd.conf. Source:
Question: If you specify both deny from all and allow from all, what will be the default action of Apache?

Answer: In case of ambiguity deny always takes precedence over allow. Source:
Question: How Jigsaw Works

Answer: When a member signs up, he or she commits to buying contacts with a credit card or with points. "Basically a member pays $25 per month to gain access to the data," says Fowler, "or alternatively they can contribute 25 new contacts each month in which they are a member." Every contact a member contributes earns that member 10 points, and every time a member updates or corrects the information in a contact's entry, they also earn 10 points. A member can earn a whopping 125 points by referring Source:
Question: What is Jasper?

Answer: * Jasper is Tomcat's JSP Engine. Tomcat 5.x uses Jasper 2, which is an implementation of the Sun Microsystems's JavaServer Pages 2.0 specification.
* Jasper parses JSP files to compile them into Java code as servlets (that can be handled by Catalina).
* At runtime, Jasper is able to automatically detect JSP file changes and recompile them. Source:
Question: How do I enable Server Side Includes (SSI)?

Answer: Two things have to be done for tomcat to aknowledge SSI scripts:

1. Rename $CATALINA_BASE/server/lib/servlets-ssi.renametojar to $CATALINA_BASE/server/lib/servlets-ssi.jar.

2. Uncomment the section of web.xml found in $CATALINA_BASE/conf/web.xml that deals with SSI. it looks like this when it is uncommented:

& Source:
Question: What is the ISTG? Who has that role by default?

Answer: Inter-Site Topology Generator(istg) is responsible for managing the inbound replication connection objects for all bridgehead servers in the site in which it is located. This domain controller is known as the Inter-Site Topology Generator (ISTG). The domain controller holding this role may not necessarily also be a bridgehead server. Source:
Question: What is a default gateway?

Answer: The exit-point from one network and entry-way into another network, often the router of the network. Source:

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Latest 20 Questions
Payment of time- barred debt is: (a) Valid (b) Void (c) Illegal (d) Voidable
Consideration is defined in the Indian Contract Act,1872 in: (a) Section 2(f) (b) Section 2(e) (c) Section 2(g) (d) Section 2(d)
Which of the following is not an exception to the rule, "No consideration, No contract": (a) Natural love and affection (b) Compensation for involuntary services (c) Completed gift (d) Agency
Consideration must move at the desire of: (a) The promisor (b) The promisee (c) The promisor or any other party (d) Both the promisor and the promisee
An offer which is open for acceptance over a period of time is: (a) Cross Offer (b) Counter Offer (c) Standing Offer (d) Implied Offer
Specific offer can be communicated to__________ (a) All the parties of contract (b) General public in universe (c) Specific person (d) None of the above
_________ amounts to rejection of the original offer. (a) Cross offer (b) Special offer (c) Standing offer (d) Counter offer
A advertises to sell his old car by advertising in a newspaper. This offer is caleed: (a) General Offer (b) Special Offer (c) Continuing Offer (d) None of the above
In case a counter offer is made, the original offer stands: (a) Rejected (b) Accepted automatically (c) Accepted subject to certain modifications and variations (d) None of the above
In case of unenforceable contract having some technical defect, parties (a) Can sue upon it (b) Cannot sue upon it (c) Should consider it to be illegal (d) None of the above
If entire specified goods is perished before entering into contract of sale, the contract is (a) Valid (b) Void (c) Voidable (d) Cancelled
______________ contracts are also caled contracts with executed consideration. (a) Unilateral (b) Completed (c) Bilateral (d) Executory
A offers B to supply books @ Rs 100 each but B accepts the same with condition of 10% discount. This is a case of (a) Counter Offer (b) Cross Offer (c) Specific Offer (d) General Offer
_____________ is a game of chance. (a) Conditional Contract (b) Contingent Contract (c) Wagering Contract (d) Quasi Contract
There is no binding contract in case of _______ as one's offer cannot be constructed as acceptance (a) Cross Offer (b) Standing Offer (c) Counter Offer (d) Special Offer
An offer is made with an intention to have negotiation from other party. This type of offer is: (a) Invitation to offer (b) Valid offer (c) Voidable (d) None of the above
When an offer is made to the world at large, it is ____________ offer. (a) Counter (b) Special (c) General (d) None of the above
Implied contract even if not in writing or express words is perfectly _______________ if all the conditions are satisfied:- (a) Void (b) Voidable (c) Valid (d) Illegal
A specific offer can be accepted by ___________. (a) Any person (b) Any friend to offeror (c) The person to whom it is made (d) Any friend of offeree
An agreement toput a fire on a person's car is a ______: (a) Legal (b) Voidable (c) Valid (d) Illegal
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