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Distributed Processing Interview Questions & Answers - Learning Mode
COOLINTERVIEW.COM ORACLE INTERVIEW QUESTIONS DISTRIBUTED PROCESSING INTERVIEW QUESTIONS QUESTIONS & ANSWERS - LEARNING MODE

Distributed Processing Interview Questions & Answers - Learning Mode

Distributed Processing Refers to any of a variety of computer systems that use more than one computer, or processor, to run an application. This includes parallel processing, in which a single computer uses more than one CPU to execute programs.

Try Distributed Processing Interview Questions & Answers - Exam Mode

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Distributed Processing Interview Questions & Answers - Learning Mode
Try Distributed Processing Interview Questions & Answers - Exam Mode
Question: What are the various type of snapshots?

Answer: Simple and Complex. Source: CoolInterview.com
Question: What are the options available to refresh snapshots ?

Answer: COMPLETE - Tables are completely regenerated using the snapshots query and the master tables every time the snapshot referenced.
FAST - If simple snapshot used then a snapshot log can be used to send the changes to the snapshot tables.
FORCE - Default value. If possible it performs a FAST refresh; Otherwise it will perform a complete refresh. Source: CoolInterview.com
Question: What dynamic data replication?

Answer: Updating or Inserting records in remote database through database triggers. It may fail if remote database is having any problem. Source: CoolInterview.com
Question: What are the benefits of distributed options in databases?

Answer: Database on other servers can be updated and those transactions can be grouped together with others in a logical unit.
Database uses a two phase commit. Source: CoolInterview.com
Question: What is Two-Phase Commit ?

Answer: Two-phase commit is mechanism that guarantees a distributed transaction either commits on all involved nodes or rolls back on all involved nodes to maintain data consistency across the global distributed database. It has two phase, a Prepare Phase and a Commit Phase. Source: CoolInterview.com
Question: What is a SQL * NET?

Answer: SQL *NET is ORACLE's mechanism for interfacing with the communication protocols used by the networks that facilitate distributed processing and distributed databases. It is used in Clint-Server and Server-Server communications. Source: CoolInterview.com
Question: What is snapshot log ?

Answer: It is a table that maintains a record of modifications to the master table in a snapshot. It is stored in the same database as master table and is only available for simple snapshots. It should be created before creating snapshots. Source: CoolInterview.com
Question: Describe two phases of Two-phase commit ?

Answer: Prepare phase - The global coordinator (initiating node) ask a participants to prepare (to promise to commit or rollback the transaction, even if there is a failure) Commit - Phase - If all participants respond to the coordinator that they are prepared, the coordinator asks all nodes to commit the transaction, if all participants cannot prepare, the coordinator asks all nodes to roll back the transaction. Source: CoolInterview.com
Question: What is a SNAPSHOT LOG ?

Answer: A snapshot log is a table in the master database that is associated with the master table. ORACLE uses a snapshot log to track the rows that have been updated in the master table. Snapshot logs are used in updating the snapshots based on the master table. Source: CoolInterview.com
Question: What is a SNAPSHOT ?

Answer: Snapshots are read-only copies of a master table located on a remote node which is periodically refreshed to reflect changes made to the master table. Source: CoolInterview.com
Question: When will the data in the snapshot log be used?

Answer: We must be able to create a after row trigger on table (i.e., it should be not be already available) After giving table privileges.
We cannot specify snapshot log name because oracle uses the name of the master table in the name of the database objects that support its snapshot log. The master table name should be less than or equal to 23 characters. (The table name created will be MLOGS_tablename, and trigger name will be TLOGS name). Source: CoolInterview.com
Question: What is snapshots?

Answer: Snapshot is an object used to dynamically replicate data between distribute database at specified time intervals. In ver 7.0 they are read only. Source: CoolInterview.com
Question: What is Distributed database ?

Answer: A distributed database is a network of databases managed by multiple database servers that appears to a user as single logical database. The data of all databases in the distributed database can be simultaneously accessed and modified. Source: CoolInterview.com
Question: How can you Enforce Referential Integrity in snapshots ?

Answer: Time the references to occur when master tables are not in use.
Peform the reference the manually immdiately locking the master tables. We can join tables in snopshots by creating a complex snapshots that will based on the master tables. Source: CoolInterview.com
Question: What is the mechanism provided by ORACLE for table replication ?

Answer: Snapshots and SNAPSHOT LOGs Source: CoolInterview.com
Question: How can we reduce the network traffic?

Answer: - Replication of data in distributed environment.
- Using snapshots to replicate data.
- Using remote procedure calls. Source: CoolInterview.com
Question: Differentiate simple and complex, snapshots ?

Answer: - A simple snapshot is based on a query that does not contains GROUP BY clauses, CONNECT BY clauses, JOINs, sub-query or snashot of operations.
- A complex snapshots contain atleast any one of the above. Source: CoolInterview.com

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