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Microcomputers Interview Questions & Answers - Learning Mode

Microcomputers Interview Questions & Answers - Learning Mode

A microcomputer is a small, relatively inexpensive computer with a microprocessor as its central processing unit (CPU). It includes a microprocessor, memory, and minimal input/output (I/O) circuitry mounted on a single printed circuit board. A microcomputer contains a microprocessor (a central processing unit on a microchip ), memory in the form of read-only memory and random access memory , I/O ports and a bus or system of interconnecting wires, housed in a unit that is usually called a motherboard.

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Microcomputers Interview Questions & Answers - Learning Mode
Try Microcomputers Interview Questions & Answers - Exam Mode
Question: Was the design based on/derived from an earlier machine? Kim-1, Apple I, etc.?

Not exactly based on anything. Most of its heritage was from an automated cow feeder that I?d designed for a Harrogate company the previous summer (1977). Quite an advanced thing, really ? it had a (waterproof) number pad, big 7 segment LEDs, OS in non-volatile EEPROM, and the trademark 6502. Both were from my own designs for something for myself, and they came from the aether.

The most hair-raising thing was the cow-feeder?s programme. I didn?t own a PROM blower, so I had to write th Source:
Question: No bugs in the monitor program?

No bugs in the first, smaller, version of the software (256 bytes of code blown into PROM by Nick Toop?s PROM blower). There were a couple of problems with the cassette interface software because I got the order of bits the wrong way round (from the CUTS? standard). But hey, it was only 512 bytes: you can?t make any mistakes in that even when you write it by hand, hand assemble it and hand enter it into the PROM blower! Besides, it could debug itself to a fair extent (given that it basically Source:
Question: # Who designed the hardware?

Answer: Me for the bottom board. Me, Stephen Furber and maybe Kim Spence-Jones for the top board (cassette interface). (Hmmm ? maybe KSJ was a little later ? he certainly did some of the work on the analogue bits of the BBC machine cassette interface.) Source:
Question: Why did you choose to design the computer around the MOS Technologies 6502 microprocessor?

Answer: Because it was there. Because it was new. Because a few of the other members of the Cambridge University Processor Group [CUPG] were going on about it being easier to interface to circuits. I guess I don?t really know precisely why I chose the 6502 ? maybe we just had an affinity!

It cost quite a lot back in 1977/78 when I bought mine ? which was a wonderful white ceramic part with gold (coloured?) legs and lid. Source:
Question: # When did you build the prototype?

Summer holidays, 1978. Then I went home and drew circuit boards on the dining room table (and floor!) and wrote the manual. All by hand, of course.

Christmas 1978 I must have written System BASIC. Source:
Question: How did the Acorn Microcomputer get started?

I had designed something similar for myself, and was in the process of helping Hermann [Hauser] with his ideas for an ?electronic pocket book? (what we might nowadays call a PDA). In the course of showing that my designs for it would work, I showed him my schematics for my own machine and was challenged to build it. So I did? With my own white ceramic 6502, too. That was ?just? the equivalent of the CPU board of the System 1 with LEDs and keyboard (all on the same bit of Veroboard) ? the cas Source:
Question: When did you first show it to Hermann Hauser?

During the time it was built! Hermann was very interested in it. It certainly worked before I went back to Yorkshire before the start of the term. Source:
Question: # You were an undergraduate student at Cambridge then. What were you studying?

Answer: Maths, followed by Computer Science.
Question: # Why did you use the RAM I/O chip, instead of a UART or something similar, when the machine had separate RAM?

Because Hermann had them around: Science of Cambridge used 8154s on its MK14 kit (National SC/MP based) and so they were available when we needed something for the 6502. They were fairly cheap and the extra RAM was a bonus, even though it meant converting from 6502 clock/write to the read strobe/write strobe that they used.
Question: When was the last Acorn System x shipped?

We designed the BBC machine using System 3s (I did a lot of character design work with a prototype System 80 column video card) and still had System 4/5 stuff going on in 1982 ? perhaps then. Source:
Question: Hermann Hauser (from Kings College, Cambridge University) had recently founded Acorn Computers Limited in Cambridge, with Chris Curry, correct?

Actually, that came later. The initial work was done for Hermann?s own company ?Cambridge Processor Unit? (that?s an Austrian?s idea of a joke). Hermann went for the System One and came up somehow with the Acorn name, then Clive and Chris had an argument and Chris left Science of Cambridge and joined Hermann at Acorn: the first thing that we worked on with Chris was the Atom.

At the start, CPU had consultancy contracts for fruit machines. Initially these had been SC/MP based, but they Source:
Question: What else do you remember about the Acorn System 1?

Packing them in boxes (upstairs at 4a Market Hill): the whole company would stand around tables (a production square) and put in the right components (me, Hermann, Hermann?s then fianc? Stephen, Chris). We all did pretty much anything: I ended up as Hermann?s secretary before we could afford one!

There used to be problems with answering the phone: one chap would ring up and say ?I have got an Acorn, it does not work? often enough for it to become a legend. We got very tired of kits Source:


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Latest 20 Questions
Payment of time- barred debt is: (a) Valid (b) Void (c) Illegal (d) Voidable
Consideration is defined in the Indian Contract Act,1872 in: (a) Section 2(f) (b) Section 2(e) (c) Section 2(g) (d) Section 2(d)
Which of the following is not an exception to the rule, "No consideration, No contract": (a) Natural love and affection (b) Compensation for involuntary services (c) Completed gift (d) Agency
Consideration must move at the desire of: (a) The promisor (b) The promisee (c) The promisor or any other party (d) Both the promisor and the promisee
An offer which is open for acceptance over a period of time is: (a) Cross Offer (b) Counter Offer (c) Standing Offer (d) Implied Offer
Specific offer can be communicated to__________ (a) All the parties of contract (b) General public in universe (c) Specific person (d) None of the above
_________ amounts to rejection of the original offer. (a) Cross offer (b) Special offer (c) Standing offer (d) Counter offer
A advertises to sell his old car by advertising in a newspaper. This offer is caleed: (a) General Offer (b) Special Offer (c) Continuing Offer (d) None of the above
In case a counter offer is made, the original offer stands: (a) Rejected (b) Accepted automatically (c) Accepted subject to certain modifications and variations (d) None of the above
In case of unenforceable contract having some technical defect, parties (a) Can sue upon it (b) Cannot sue upon it (c) Should consider it to be illegal (d) None of the above
If entire specified goods is perished before entering into contract of sale, the contract is (a) Valid (b) Void (c) Voidable (d) Cancelled
______________ contracts are also caled contracts with executed consideration. (a) Unilateral (b) Completed (c) Bilateral (d) Executory
A offers B to supply books @ Rs 100 each but B accepts the same with condition of 10% discount. This is a case of (a) Counter Offer (b) Cross Offer (c) Specific Offer (d) General Offer
_____________ is a game of chance. (a) Conditional Contract (b) Contingent Contract (c) Wagering Contract (d) Quasi Contract
There is no binding contract in case of _______ as one's offer cannot be constructed as acceptance (a) Cross Offer (b) Standing Offer (c) Counter Offer (d) Special Offer
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When an offer is made to the world at large, it is ____________ offer. (a) Counter (b) Special (c) General (d) None of the above
Implied contract even if not in writing or express words is perfectly _______________ if all the conditions are satisfied:- (a) Void (b) Voidable (c) Valid (d) Illegal
A specific offer can be accepted by ___________. (a) Any person (b) Any friend to offeror (c) The person to whom it is made (d) Any friend of offeree
An agreement toput a fire on a person's car is a ______: (a) Legal (b) Voidable (c) Valid (d) Illegal
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