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CSS Interview Questions & Answers - Learning Mode
COOLINTERVIEW.COM WEB INTERVIEW QUESTIONS CSS INTERVIEW QUESTIONS QUESTIONS & ANSWERS - LEARNING MODE

CSS Interview Questions & Answers - Learning Mode

CSS stands for Cascading Style Sheets. CSS describes how HTML elements are to be displayed on screen, paper, or in other media. CSS saves a lot of work. It can control the layout of multiple web pages all at once. External stylesheets are stored in CSS files. CSS is a style language that defines layout of HTML documents. For example, CSS covers fonts, colours, margins, lines, height, width, background images, advanced positions and many other things.

Try CSS Interview Questions & Answers - Exam Mode

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CSS Interview Questions & Answers - Learning Mode
Try CSS Interview Questions & Answers - Exam Mode
Question: What is selector?

Answer: CSS selector is equivalent of HTML element(s). It is a string identifying to which element(s) the corresponding declaration(s) will apply and as such the link between the HTML document and the style sheet.
For example in P {text-indent: 10pt} the selector is P and is called type selector as it matches all instances of this element type in the document.
in P, UL {text-indent: 10pt} the selector is P and UL (see grouping); in .class {text-indent: 10pt} the selector is .class (see class selec Source: CoolInterview.com
Question: Why shouldn't I use fixed sized fonts ?

Answer: Only in very rare situations we will find users that have a "calibrated" rendering device that shows fixed font sizes correct. This tells us that we can never know the real size of a font when it's rendered on the user end. Other people may find your choice of font size uncomfortable. A surprisingly large number of people have vision problems and require larger text than the average. Other people have good eyesight and prefer the advantage of more text on the screen that a smaller font size Source: CoolInterview.com
Question: What does ABCD (and ABCDE) mean?

Answer: CSS allows Unicode characters to be entered by number. For example, if a CLASS value in some Russian document contains Cyrillic letters EL PE (Unicode numbers 041B and 041F) and you want to write a style rule for that class, you can put that letter into the style sheet by writing:

. Source: CoolInterview.com
Question: How To Style Forms?

Answer: Forms and form elements like SELECT, INPUT etc. can be styled with CSS - partially.
Checkboxes and Radiobuttons do not yet accept styles, and Netscape 4.xx has certain issues, but here is a tutorial that explains the application of CSS Styles on Form Elements. Source: CoolInterview.com
Question: Do URL's have quotes or not?

Answer: Double or single quotes in URLs are optional. The tree following examples are equally valid:

BODY {background: url(pics/wave.png) blue}
BODY {background: url("pics/wave.png") blue}
BODY {background: url('pics/wave.png') blue} Source: CoolInterview.com
Question: Which font names are available on all platforms ?

Answer: The simple answer is "None" which is why CSS offers five generic font names as 'serif', 'sans-serif', 'cursive', 'fantasy' and 'monospace'. Never put any of these generic font names in quotes.

A CSS aware browser should make a suitable choice from the available fonts in response to each of those generic names.
Specifying any other font name in a www environment comes out as a suggestion only, that may or may not be acknowledged by a browser.
T Source: CoolInterview.com
Question: How do you show which page you're on (in a menu)?

Answer: If PHP is not available to you, you could use the cascade. Put an id in your body tags and an id in each of your 'a' tags for the links.
Let's say on page one you have this:
CSS
<body id="page1">
....
<a id="page1link" href="page1.htm">page one</a>
...
</body>

In your CSS, you can have something like this:
CSS
#page1 a#page1link {
color:purple; Source: CoolInterview.com
Question: What is selector?

Answer: CSS selector is equivalent of HTML element(s). It is a string identifying to which element(s) the corresponding declaration(s) will apply and as such the link between the HTML document and the style sheet.
For example in P {text-indent: 10pt} the selector is P and is called type selector as it matches all instances of this element type in the document.
in P, UL {text-indent: 10pt} the selector is P and UL (see grouping); in .class {text-indent: 10pt} the selector is .class (see class selec Source: CoolInterview.com
Question: Why does Netscape lose my styles ?

Answer: Netscape 4.x has poor support for CSS. Having said that, the following points should be noted.
Invalid HTML will almost certainly cause Netscape to ignore your CSS suggestions at some point. You will find that valid HTML is your best friend, but for Netscape to work properly you must ensure that all elements in your markup which permit closing tags are explicitly closed.
Check and correct your CSS suggestions for the very same reason, Netscape 4.x is in fact doing "the right thing", as per Source: CoolInterview.com
Question: How do I have a non-tiling (non-repeating) background image?

Answer: With CSS, you can use the background-repeat property. The background repeat can be included in the shorthand background property, as in this example:

body {
background: white url(example.gif) no-repeat ;
color: black ;
} Source: CoolInterview.com
Question: How can you set a minimum width for IE?

Answer: To set a minimum width, the CSS property is 'min-width'. This can be very useful and works well in good browsers. IE doesn't understand 'min-width'. However, it has a proprietary property called 'expression' which allows us to feed it javascript via a stylesheet. Below is how to set a (780px) minimum width for IE...


<!--[if gte IE 5]> <style type="text/css">
body {
width:expression(documentElement.clientWidth < 780 ? (documentElement.cl Source: CoolInterview.com
Question: What is CSS rule 'at-rule'?

Answer: There are two types of CSS rules: ruleset and at-rule. At-rule is a rule that applies to the whole style sheet and not to a specific selector only (like in ruleset). They all begin with the @ symbol followed by a keyword made up of letters a-z, A-Z, digits 0-9, dashes and escaped characters, e.g. @import or @font-face. Source: CoolInterview.com
Question: How do I combine multiple sheets into one?

Answer: To combine multiple/partial style sheets into one set the TITLE attribute taking one and the same value to the LINK element. The combined style will apply as a preferred style, e.g.:

<LINK REL=Stylesheet HREF="default.css" TITLE="combined">
<LINK REL=Stylesheet HREF="fonts.css" TITLE="combined">
<LINK REL=Stylesheet HREF="tables.css" TITLE="combined"> Source: CoolInterview.com
Question: How do I center block-elements with CSS1?

Answer: 1. By setting the properties margin-left and margin-right to auto and width to some explicit value:

BODY {width: 30em; background: cyan;}
P {width: 22em; margin-left: auto; margin-right: auto}

In this case, the left and right margins will each be four ems wide, since they equally split up the eight ems left over from (30em - 22em). Note that it was not necessary to set an explicit width for the BODY element; it was done here to keep the math clean.

Another example:

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Question: Why was the decision made to make padding apply outside of the width of a 'box', rather than inside, which would seem to make more sense?

Answer: It makes sense in some situations, but not in others. For example, when a child element is set to width: 100%, I don't think it should cover the padding of its parent. The box-sizing property in CSS3 addresses this issue. Ideally, the issue should have been addressed earlier, though. Source: CoolInterview.com
Question: As a reader, how can I make my browser recognize my own style sheet?

Answer: Netscape
It is not possible to do this in Netscape yet (as of version 4.0.)
Internet Explorer 3.0 (Win95/NT)
[It is possible to do this at least in Windows95/NT, but no user interface is provided. Unknown how this might be accomplished on other operating systems.]

1. Open the Registry editor (Start..Run..regedit..ENTER)
2. Under the 'HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINESoftwareMicrosoftInternetExplorerStyles' key, Edit..New..String Value
3. The new value should be called 'StyleSh Source: CoolInterview.com
Question: What is property?

Answer: Property is a stylistic parameter (attribute) that can be influenced through CSS, e.g. FONT or WIDTH. There must always be a corresponing value or values set to each property, e.g. font: bold or font: bold san-serif. Source: CoolInterview.com
Question: How to make text-links without underline?

Answer: a:link, a:visited {text-decoration: none}

or

<a style="text-decoration: none" HREF="...">

...will show the links without underlining. However, suppressing the underlining of links isn't a very smart idea as most people are used to having them underlined. Also, such links are not spotted unless someone coincidentally runs a mouse over them. If, for whatever reason, links without underline are required background and foreground colors can be instead declared to them Source: CoolInterview.com
Question: How can I make a page look the same in e.g. NS and MSIE ?

Answer: The simple answer is, you can't, and you shouldn't waste your time trying to make it exactly the same. Web browsers are allowed, per definition, to interpret a page as they like, subject to the general rules set down in the HTML and CSS specifications. As a web author you can not have a prior knowledge of the exact situation and/or medium that will be used to render your page, and it's almost always rather counterproductive to try to control that process. There is no necessity for a Source: CoolInterview.com
Question: What is CSS?

Answer: CSS is a web standard that describes style for XML/HTML documents. Source: CoolInterview.com

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Latest 20 Questions
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