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Win Runner Interview Questions & Answers - Learning Mode

Win Runner Interview Questions & Answers - Learning Mode

HP WinRunner software was an automated functional GUI testing tool that allowed a user to record and play back user interface (UI) interactions as test scripts. As a functional test suite, it worked with HP QuickTest Professional and supported enterprise quality assurance. The primary function of this program is to serve as a testing tool for various applications. Some developers will use WinRunner for load testing purposes. It is excellent when it comes to functioning at the GUI layer, and the user can record and analyze the actions of the user from a number of different programs.

Try Win Runner Interview Questions & Answers - Exam Mode

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Win Runner Interview Questions & Answers - Learning Mode
Try Win Runner Interview Questions & Answers - Exam Mode
Question: How do you analyze results and report the defects?

Answer: Following each test run, WinRunner displays the results in a report. The report details all the major events that occurred during the run, such as checkpoints, error messages, system messages, or user messages. If mismatches are detected at checkpoints during the test run, you can view the expected results and the actual results from the Test Results window. If a test run fails due to a defect in the application being tested, you can report information about the defect directly from the Test Res Source:
Question: When it is appropriate to change physical description?

Answer: Changing the physical description is necessary when the property value of an object changes. Source:
Question: How does WinRunner recognize objects on the application?

Answer: WinRunner uses the GUI Map file to recognize objects on the application. When WinRunner runs a test, it uses the GUI map to locate objects. It reads an object?s description in the GUI map and then looks for an object with the same properties in the application being tested. Source:
Question: How do you maintain the document information of the test scripts?

Answer: Before creating a test, you can document information about the test in the General and Description tabs of the Test Properties dialog box. You can enter the name of the test author, the type of functionality tested, a detailed description of the test, and a reference to the relevant functional specifications document. Source:
Question: What is the use of Test Director software?

Answer: TestDirector is Mercury Interactive?s software test management tool. It helps quality assurance personnel plan and organize the testing process. With TestDirector you can create a database of manual and automated tests, build test cycles, run tests, and report and track defects. You can also create reports and graphs to help review the progress of planning tests, running tests, and tracking defects before a software release. Source:
Question: What actually happens when you load GUI map?

Answer: When we load a GUI Map file, the information about the windows and the objects with their logical names and physical description are loaded into memory. So when the WinRunner executes a script on a particular window, it can identify the objects using this information loaded in the memory.
Question: What different actions are performed by find and show button?

Answer: To find a particular object in the GUI Map file in the application, select the object and click the Show window. This blinks the selected object.

To find a particular object in a GUI Map file click the Find button, this gives the option to select the object. When the object is selected, if the object has been learned to the GUI Map file it will be focused in the GUI Map file.
Question: What do you verify with the GUI checkpoint for multiple objects and what command it generates, explain syntax?

Answer: To create a GUI checkpoint for two or more objects:

Choose Create > GUI Checkpoint > For Multiple Objects or click the GUI Checkpoint for Multiple Objects button on the User toolbar. If you are recording in Analog mode, press the CHECK GUI FOR MULTIPLE OBJECTS softkey in order to avoid extraneous mouse movements. The Create GUI Checkpoint dialog box opens.

Click the Add button. The mouse pointer becomes a pointing hand and a help window opens.

To add an object, Source:
Question: Explain Get Text checkpoint from object/window with syntax?

Answer: We use obj_get_text (<logical_name>, <out_text>) function to get the text from an object

We use win_get_text (window, out_text [, x1, y1, x2, y2]) function to get the text from a window.
Question: If the object does not have a name then what will be the logical name?

Answer: If the object does not have a name then the logical name could be the attached text. Source:
Question: What do you verify with the database checkpoint default and what command it generates, explain syntax?

Answer: By adding runtime database record checkpoints you can compare the information in your application during a test run with the corresponding record in your database. By adding standard database checkpoints to your test scripts, you can check the contents of databases in different versions of your application.

When you create database checkpoints, you define a query on your database, and your database checkpoint checks the values contained in the result set. The result set is set of values r Source:
Question: How does WinRunner evaluates test results?

Answer: Following each test run, WinRunner displays the results in a report. The report details all the major events that occurred during the run, such as checkpoints, error messages, system messages, or user messages. If mismatches are detected at checkpoints during the test run, you can view the expected results and the actual results from the Test Results window. Source:
Question: What are data driven tests?

Answer: When you test your application, you may want to check how it performs the same operations with multiple sets of data. You can create a data-driven test with a loop that runs ten times: each time the loop runs, it is driven by a different set of data. In order for WinRunner to use data to drive the test, you must link the data to the test script which it drives. This is called parameterizing your test. The data is stored in a data table. You can perform these operations manually, or you can use t Source:
Question: What are the synchronization points?

Answer: Synchronization points enable you to solve anticipated timing problems between the test and your application. For example, if you create a test that opens a database application, you can add a synchronization point that causes the test to wait until the database records are loaded on the screen.

For Analog testing, you can also use a synchronization point to ensure that WinRunner repositions a window at a specific location. When you run a test, the mouse cursor travels along exact coordin Source:
Question: What is the purpose of loading WinRunner Add-Ins?

Answer: Add-Ins are used in WinRunner to load functions specific to the particular add-in to the memory. While creating a script only those functions in the add-in selected will be listed in the function generator and while executing the script only those functions in the loaded add-in will be executed else WinRunner will give an error message saying it does not recognize the function. Source:
Question: How do you suppress a regular expression?

Answer: We can suppress the regular expression of a window by replacing the regexp_label property with label property Source:
Question: Have you performed debugging of the scripts?

Answer: Yes, I have performed debugging of scripts. We can debug the script by executing the script in the debug mode. We can also debug script using the Step, Step Into, Step out functionalities provided by the WinRunner.
Question: Explain the following Winrunner Commands

Answer: Explain the following commands:

db_connect - to connect to a database
db_connect(<session_name>, <connection_string>);

db_execute_query - to execute a query
db_execute_query ( session_name, SQL, record_number );
[record_number is the out value]

db_get_field_value - returns the value of a single field in the specified row_index and column in the session_name database session.
db_get_field_value ( session_name, row_ind Source:
Question: What check points you will use to read and check text on the GUI and explain its syntax?

Answer: You can use text checkpoints in your test scripts to read and check text in GUI objects and in areas of the screen. While creating a test you point to an object or a window containing text. WinRunner reads the text and writes a TSL statement to the test script. You may then add simple programming elements to your test scripts to verify the contents of the text.

You can use a text checkpoint to:

Read text from a GUI object or window in your application, using obj_get_text and win_ge Source:
Question: How do you run your test scripts?

Answer: We run tests in Verify mode to test your application. Each time WinRunner encounters a checkpoint in the test script, it compares the current data of the application being tested to the expected data captured earlier. If any mismatches are found, WinRunner captures them as actual results. Source:

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