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Architecture Interview Questions & Answers - Learning Mode

Architecture Interview Questions & Answers - Learning Mode

Software application architecture is the process of defining a structured solution that meets all of the technical and operational requirements, while optimizing common quality attributes such as performance, security, and manageability. It involves a series of decisions based on a wide range of factors, and each of these decisions can have considerable impact on the quality, performance, maintainability, and overall success of the application. Microsoft's Architecture Center is dedicated to providing information, ideas, and community to software architects and business decision makers.

Try Architecture Interview Questions & Answers - Exam Mode

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Architecture Interview Questions & Answers - Learning Mode
Try Architecture Interview Questions & Answers - Exam Mode
Question: What is the race around condition? How can it be overcome?

Answer: Race conditions is a severe way crashing the server/ system at times. Generally this problem arises in priority less systems or the users who has eqal priority will be put to this problem. Race condition is a situation in which a resource D is to be serviced to a process A and the processB which holds the resoure C is to be given to the process A. So a cyclic chain occurs and no way the resources will be get shared and also the systems with equal prirority wont get the resoure so that the system Source:
Question: Difference b/w Machine config vs. web config
InProcess vs out process session state
State server and sqlserver
Cookie less session state
5. gui programming

Answer: Answer<br>the settings made in the web.config file are applied to that particular web application only whereas the settings of machine.config file are applied to the whole application.<br><br>2).Answer<br>In-process Mode:<br><br>In-process mode simply means using ASP.NET session state in a similar manner to classic ASP session state. That is, session state is managed in process and if the process is re-cycled, state is lost. Given the new settings that Source:
Question: What are the five stages in a DLX pipeline?

Answer: Instruction Fetch Stage Instruction Decode Stage Instruction Execution Stage Memory Stage Write Back Source:
Question: What is cache memory?

Answer: Cache memory is random access memory (RAM) that a computer microprocessor can access more quickly than it can access regular RAM. As the microprocessor processes data, it looks first in the cache memory and if it finds the data there (from a previous reading of data), it does not have to do the more time-consuming reading of data from larger memory.(cache memory is used between the c.p.u and the ram to access dta fastly) Source:
Question: What does the term "green architecture" mean?

Answer: The Record Management System (RMS) is a simple record-oriented database that allows a MIDlet to persistently store information and retrieve it later. Different MIDlets can also use the RMS to share data. Source:
Question: What?s the difference between L1 and L2 cache?

Answer: Level 1 cache is internal to the chip, L2 is external. L1 Cache is of Higher speed than that of L2 Cache. Source:
Question: What are different pipelining hazards and how are they eliminated. ?

Answer: Pipeline is a process where a business object goes through several stages asynchronously. Where one stage picks up processes and drops it for the next process to pick up. The hazard is when the a different thread of the same process picks up the business object leads to malfunction. This can be handled by status handling or scan delays. Source:
Question: What is pipelining?

Answer: Pipelining is a process in which the data is accessed in a stage by stage process. The data is accessed in a sequence that is each stage performs an operation. If there are n number of stages then n number of operations is done. To increase the throughput of the processing network the pipe lining process is done. This method is adopted because the operation or the data is accessed in a sequence with a fast mode. Source:
Question: What is Virtual Memory?

Answer: This Memory is used extending the capability of physical memory. This memory is simulated by the hard drive.When all the RAM is being used the computer will swap data to the hard drive and back to give the impression that there is more memory Source:
Question: The number or character entered through keyboard gets converted to equivalent ASCII code & it get stored on RAM in the binary form. What is the exact procedure
on hardware that converts the ASCII value to Binary?

Answer: It may be the ASCII Converter Source:
Question: What is write back and write through caches?

Answer: Generally Cache is using to imporve the performace of site.. We have two places where we can use caching..

1. On Page Level...
2. Data level Caching for saving Dabase hit. Source:
Question: What is the difference between primary & secondary storage device?

Answer: In primary storage device the storage capacity is limited. It has a volatile memory. In secondary storage device the storage capacity is larger. It is a nonvolatile memory. Primary devices are: RAM / ROM. Secondary devices are: Floppy disc / Hard disk. Source:
Question: What are the types of memory management?

Answer: Memory Management is a crucial role in every operating system. Memory management is there are many types such as 1. Storage memory Management 2. I/O Memory Management etc ..
Question: What is MESI?

Answer: MESI is a Cache Coherency protocol used in multi-processor systems to indicate the state in which the data in the cache of a particular processor is. It stands of Modified, Exclusive, Shared and Invalid Source:
Question: What?s the speed and device maximum specs for Firewire?

Answer: EEE 1394 (Firewire) supports the maximum of 63 connected devices with speeds up to 400 Mbps. Source:
Question: What is the purpose of cache? How is it used?

Answer: caching is often considered as a performance-enhancement tool than a way to to store application data.If u spend more server resources in accesing the same data repeatedly,use caching instead.Caching data can bring huge performance benefits ,so whenever u find that u need to frequently access data that does'nt often change,cache it in the cache object and your application's performance will improve. Source:
Question: What is hard disk and what is its purpose?

Answer: Hard disk is the secondary storage device, which holds the data in bulk, and it holds the data on the magnetic medium of the disk.Hard disks have a hard platter that holds the magnetic medium, the magnetic medium can be easily erased and rewritten, and a typical desktop machine will have a hard disk with a capacity of between 10 and 40 gigabytes. Data is stored onto the disk in the form of files. Source:
Question: What do we mean by domestic architecture artifacts?

Answer: Architecture refers most directly to the built environment,
the structures humans create and occupy. While buildings
are one type of architecture artifact, other objects also
document the built environment. These objects include
photographs, drawings, or paintings of buildings. They also
may be blueprints, building codes, furnishings, or written
descriptions of physical spaces (such as architectural
guidebooks or decorating manuals).
Question: What is cache coherency and how is it eliminated?

Answer: Check this article which explains about Cache
Question: How do you improve the cache performance. ?

Answer: Caching is done with so many ways like page caching, output caching etc. With ASP.NET we can achieve these effiecienty and handled by the CLR, which shows a direct impact on the Caching feature in .NET technology. Source:

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Latest 20 Questions
Payment of time- barred debt is: (a) Valid (b) Void (c) Illegal (d) Voidable
Consideration is defined in the Indian Contract Act,1872 in: (a) Section 2(f) (b) Section 2(e) (c) Section 2(g) (d) Section 2(d)
Which of the following is not an exception to the rule, "No consideration, No contract": (a) Natural love and affection (b) Compensation for involuntary services (c) Completed gift (d) Agency
Consideration must move at the desire of: (a) The promisor (b) The promisee (c) The promisor or any other party (d) Both the promisor and the promisee
An offer which is open for acceptance over a period of time is: (a) Cross Offer (b) Counter Offer (c) Standing Offer (d) Implied Offer
Specific offer can be communicated to__________ (a) All the parties of contract (b) General public in universe (c) Specific person (d) None of the above
_________ amounts to rejection of the original offer. (a) Cross offer (b) Special offer (c) Standing offer (d) Counter offer
A advertises to sell his old car by advertising in a newspaper. This offer is caleed: (a) General Offer (b) Special Offer (c) Continuing Offer (d) None of the above
In case a counter offer is made, the original offer stands: (a) Rejected (b) Accepted automatically (c) Accepted subject to certain modifications and variations (d) None of the above
In case of unenforceable contract having some technical defect, parties (a) Can sue upon it (b) Cannot sue upon it (c) Should consider it to be illegal (d) None of the above
If entire specified goods is perished before entering into contract of sale, the contract is (a) Valid (b) Void (c) Voidable (d) Cancelled
______________ contracts are also caled contracts with executed consideration. (a) Unilateral (b) Completed (c) Bilateral (d) Executory
A offers B to supply books @ Rs 100 each but B accepts the same with condition of 10% discount. This is a case of (a) Counter Offer (b) Cross Offer (c) Specific Offer (d) General Offer
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Implied contract even if not in writing or express words is perfectly _______________ if all the conditions are satisfied:- (a) Void (b) Voidable (c) Valid (d) Illegal
A specific offer can be accepted by ___________. (a) Any person (b) Any friend to offeror (c) The person to whom it is made (d) Any friend of offeree
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