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Internet of Things (IoT) Interview Questions & Answers - Learning Mode

Internet of Things (IoT) Interview Questions & Answers - Learning Mode

The Internet of Things (IoT) refers to the ever-growing network of physical objects that feature an IP address for internet connectivity, and the communication that occurs between these objects and other Internet-enabled devices and systems. The Internet of Things (IoT) is a system of interrelated computing devices, mechanical and digital machines, objects, animals or people that are provided with unique identifiers and the ability to transfer data over a network without requiring human-to-human or human-to-computer interaction. The internet of things (IoT) is the internetworking of physical devices, vehicles, buildings and other items?embedded with electronics, software, sensors, actuators, and network connectivity that enable these objects to collect and exchange data.

Try Internet of Things (IoT) Interview Questions & Answers - Exam Mode

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Internet of Things (IoT) Interview Questions & Answers - Learning Mode
Try Internet of Things (IoT) Interview Questions & Answers - Exam Mode
Question: How will Internet of Things (IoT) impact sustainability of Environment or Business?

Answer: Internet of Things (IoT) can significantly reduce carbon emissions by making business and industry more efficient. "By managing street lights more efficiently you can save approximately 40% of energy used to make them run," Will Franks says.

Bill Ruh, vice-president of GE Software, agrees. "We have created 40 applications," says Ruh. "One of these, PowerUp, uses sensors to collect weather and performance data from wind turbines to enable operators to generate up to 5% more electricity wit Source:
Question: What role does the network play in the Internet of Everything?

Answer: The network plays a critical role in the Internet of Everything ? it must provide an intelligent, manageable, secure infrastructure that can scale to support billions of context-aware devices. Source:
Question: How Cybersecurity might affect the Development and Implementation of the Internet of Things (IoT), especially in USA?

Answer: The security of devices and the data they acquire, process, and transmit is often cited as a top concern in cyberspace. Cyberattacks can result in theft of data and sometimes even physical destruction. Some sources estimate losses from cyberattacks in general to be very large?in the hundreds of billions or even trillions of dollars. As the number of connected objects in the IoT grows, so will the potential risk of successful intrusions and increases in costs from those incidents.

Cybersec Source:
Question: What is the Internet of Everything?

Answer: The Internet of Everything is the intelligent connection of people, process, data and things. Source:
Question: What are the important Components of Internet of Things?

Answer: Many people mistakenly think of IoT as an independent technology. Interestingly, internet of things is being enabled by the presence of other independent technologies which make fundamental components of IoT.

The fundamental components that make internet of things a reality are:-

1. Hardware-Making physical objects responsive and giving them capability to retrieve data and respond to instructions

2. Software - Enabling the data collection, storage, processing, manipulating a Source:
Question: What kinds of information do Internet of Things (IoT) objects communicate?

Answer: The answer depends on the nature of the object, and it can be simple or complex. For example, a smart thermometer might have only one sensor, used to communicate ambient temperature to a remote weather-monitoring center. A wireless medical device might, in contrast, use various sensors to communicate a person?s body temperature, pulse, blood pressure, and other variables to a medical service provider via a computer or mobile phone.

Smart objects can also be involved in command networks. F Source:
Question: What impacts will the Internet of Things (IoT) have on Infrastructure and Smart Cities Sector?

Answer: The capabilities of the smart grid, smart buildings, and ITS combined with IoT components in other public utilities, such as roadways, sewage and water transport and treatment, public transportation, and waste removal, can contribute to more integrated and functional infrastructure, especially in cities.

For example, traffic authorities can use cameras and embedded sensors to manage traffic flow and help reduce congestion. IoT components embedded in street lights or other infrastructure e Source:
Question: How Wireless Communications might affect the Development and Implementation of the Internet of Things (IoT)?

Answer: Many observers believe that issues relating to access to the electromagnetic spectrum will need to be resolved to ensure the functionality and interoperability of IoT devices. Access to spectrum, both licensed and unlicensed, is essential for devices and objects to communicate wirelessly. IoT devices are being developed and deployed for new purposes and industries, and some argue that the current framework for spectrum allocation may not serve these new industries well. Source:
Question: Why Internet of Things(IoT) will be successful in the coming years?

Answer: As the telecommunication sector is becoming more extensive and efficient, broadband internet is widely available. With technological advancement it is now much cheaper to produce necessary sensors with built-in wifi capabilities making connecting devices less costly.

Most important, the smart phone usage has surpassed all the predicted limits and telecommunication sector is already working on its toes to keep their customers satisfied by improving their infrastructure. As IoT devices need Source:
Question: How is Industrial Internet of Things (IIoT) different from the Internet of Things (IoT)?

Answer: There are two perspectives on how the Industrial IoT differs from the IoT.

The first perspective is that there are two distinctly separate areas of interest. The Industrial IoT connects critical machines and sensors in high-stakes industries such as aerospace and defense, healthcare and energy. These are systems in which failure often results in life-threatening or other emergency situations. On the other hand, IoT systems tend to be consumer-level devices such as wearable fitness tools, Source:
Question: How does the Internet of Everything relate to the Internet of Things?

Answer: The "Internet of Everything" builds on the foundation of the "Internet of Things" by adding network intelligence that allows convergence, orchestration and visibility across previously disparate systems. Source:
Question: What impacts will the Internet of Things (IoT) have on Health Care Sector?

Answer: The IoT has many applications in the health care field, in both health monitoring and treatment, including telemedicine and telehealth. Applications may involve the use of medical technology and the Internet to provide long-distance health care and education. Medical devices, which can be wearable or nonwearable, or even implantable, injectable, or ingestible, can permit remote tracking of a patient's vital signs, chronic conditions, or other indicators of health and wellness.36 Wireless med Source:
Question: What will happen in terms of jobs losses and skills as IoT makes devices and robots more intelligent?

Answer: A Digital Skills Select Committee report to the House of Lords in February estimated that 35% of UK jobs would be lost to automation in the next 20 years. It echoes the sort of thinking that Erik Brynjolfsson and Andrew McAfee?s The Second Machine Age: Work, Progress, and Prosperity in a Time of Brilliant Technologies predicts. Their answer is that you need to switch skills but to do this you need to switch the schools too.

Will Franks agrees. He saw when he launched his business in 2004 Source:
Question: Why is the Internet of Everything happening now?

Answer: The explosion of new connections joining the Internet of Everything is driven by the development of IP-enabled devices, the increase in global broadband availability and the advent of IPv6. Source:
Question: How the Internet of Things (IoT) makes a difference to the businesses?

Answer: Businesses focus on getting products to the marketplace faster, adapting to regulatory requirements, increasing efficiency, and most importantly, persisting to innovate. With a highly mobile workforce, evolving customer, and changing supply chain demand, the IoT can move your enterprise forward, starting today. Source:
Question: What are the top 5 Machine-to-Machine (M2M) applications in the world?

Answer: 1. Asset Tracking and/or Monitoring in some form or another (Stolen Vehicles, Fleet, Construction Equipment, Wood Pellets, Tank level monitoring, etc.) seems to be the biggest. Low data requirements, high volumes of devices, etc. It isn't hot or particularly exciting, but it is changing the world in subtle ways and very quickly. New business models will spring from this.

2. Insurance Telematics is huge as if offers Insurance companies the opportunity to cut risk and drive better/more Source:
Question: What impacts will the Internet of Things (IoT) have?

Answer: Many observers predict that the growth of the IoT will bring positive benefits through enhanced integration, efficiency, and productivity across many sectors of the U.S. and global economies.

Among those commonly mentioned are agriculture, energy, health care, manufacturing, and transportation. Significant impacts may also be felt more broadly on economic growth, infrastructure and cities, and individual consumers. However, both policy and technical challenges, including security and pri Source:
Question: What is the difference between the Internet of Things (IoT) and the Sensor Business?

Answer: Sensors can be used in lots of different ways, many of which don't need to be internet connected.

IoT also includes the control side, not just the sensing side. Source:
Question: Will IoT actually work over the internet or will it have its own dedicated wide area network?

Answer: Interoperability between various wireless and networking standards is still an issue and something that forums and standards bodies are trying to address. According to Franks, businesses have to collaborate on standards to create strong ecosystems for a range of industries, otherwise the industry will remain fragmented.

"The IoT is a whole myriad of different ways of connecting things ? it could be fixed, Wi-Fi NFC, cellular, ultra-narrow band or even Zigbee. You have to mix and match wha Source:
Question: What are the main Challenges of Internet of Things (IoT)?

Answer: Like any other technology there are challenges which make the viability of IoT doubtful.

Security is one of the major concerns of experts who believe virtually endless connected devices and information sharing can severely compromise one?s security and well being. Unlike other hacking episodes which compromise online data and privacy with IoT devices can open gateway for an entire network to be hacked.

One such flaw is well presented by Andy Greenberg on where he works wi Source:

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