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    Question :
    What is file pointer and its working method?

    Posted by: mohan on 11/27/2007

    Contact mohan Contact mohan
    Category Pointers in C Interview Questions
    Rating (0.4) By 1698 users
    Added on 11/27/2007
    Views 3884
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    when a pointer is pointing to the address of a file than it is called as a file pointer.
    for example:
    FILE *fp;
    here in above statement we are declaring a file pointer.
    there are many modes of opening a file.they are read ,write,append ..
    they are as follows..
    above statement is opening a file in read mode..

    Posted by: kishore reddy    

    Contact kishore reddy Contact kishore reddy

    C communicates with files using a new data type called a file pointer. This type is defined within stdio.h, and written as FILE *. A file pointer called output_file is declared in a statement like

    FILE *output_file;

    Posted by: Milind Kotibhaskar    

    Contact Milind Kotibhaskar Contact Milind Kotibhaskar

    Basically a file pointer is capable to store address of a file which is created by fopen function.Using this pointer we can do operations(read,write,modify) on the file.

    Posted by: SYED AMIDUL ISLAM    


    File pointer is the pointer which holds the address of the file which is opened either in read or write or append or binary modes(r,w,a,r+,w+,a+,b).

    FILE *fp;

    This is the declaration of the file pointer.

    Opening of the file is done by any one of the following.

    fp = fopen("filename.txt","r"); or
    fp = fopen("filename.TXT","w"); or
    fp = fopen("filename.DAT","a"); or
    fp = fopen("filename","r+"); or
    fp = fopen("filename.txt","w+"); or
    fp = fopen("filename.txt","a+"); or
    fp = fopen("filename.txt","b");

    When fopen opens the file successfully, fp holds the address of the first character in the file.

    We can read or write into the file using the functions like fread() or fwrite().

    After all operations, we have to close the file using fclose(fp);

    Posted by: Syed Baseer Ahmed    

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    File pointer is a pointer which is used in file handling through file pointer we can open the file in write mode and read mode and also closed the file through file pointer.

    Posted by: mohit kumar    

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    A special data type for handling files is defined in the stdio.h header file.

    It is called the file pointer and has the syntax FILE*.

    File pointers are used to open,read,write and close files.

    FILE *file_ptr;

    It is advisable to test the file pointer against NULL value if we get back NULL the actual operation /with the file/ has failed.

    #include <stdio.h>

    int main()

    FILE *file_ptr;

    if (file_ptr!=NULL)
    printf("file created
    fclose (file_ptr);
    return 0;
    { printf("unable to create file
    return 1;


    Posted by: Andrew Gecse    

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    When file is opened, the pointer points to the first character in the file.

    My doubt is, suppose a file contains a word Happy.
    I want to know the position of a. How to get that.

    I tried this #include<stdio.h>
    #define NULL 0
    void main()
    FILE *fp=NULL;
    char s[20];
    fpos_t pos;
    printf("Catalog error ");
    printf("Po of fp:%p",fp);


    fgets(s,sizeof(s),fp); /*Read a line from file*/
    printf(" Postion of fp: %p",fp);

    But the address of the pointer is same, It is reading all the lines from the file, but the address value is same?

    Please help me on this.

    Posted by: Subbs    

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