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INTERVIEW QUESTIONS C++ OPERATORS IN C++ DETAILS
Question :

Why can't we overload the sizeof, :?, :: ., .* operators in c++?



Category Operators in C++ Interview Questions
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Added on 8/18/2011
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The restriction is for safety.For example if we overload . operator then we cant access member in normal way for that we have to use ->.
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I think the above answer is not appropriate .<br><br>According to me all these operators use name instead of operand ,so we can`t pass any name (either of variable,class) to any function . We must have to pass the operand for that .
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Posted by: Ankur Bamby

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Nice answer, but it does not suite for :? operator as it does not take name as parameter.<br>BTW, the reason we cannot overload :? is that it takes 3 argument rather than 2 or 1. There is no mechanism available by which we can pass 3 parameter during operator overloading.<br>For other operators, the previous ans is enough.
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Posted by: Tapesh Maheshwari

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In any languages all operator has some precedence, due to precedence they work.like +,-,() all have some precedence, as we know operator overloading work differently without changing the specific meaning of the operator and in this case :,?:, etc. have no predefined precedence.And if we want to overload these operator then compiler does not understand and conflicts, and generates an error.
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Posted by: jitendra singh

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According to Bjarne Stroustrup, the operators ., .* ,:?, :: & sizeof() cannot be overloaded as they take name as their argument whereas all other operators take value as argument.<br><br>Class A<br>{<br>public:<br> int i;<br>};<br><br>A a,b,c;<br><br>Eg: c = a+b - both a & b actually refer to some memory location, so "+" operator can be overloaded, but the "." operator, like a.i actually refers to the name of the variable from whom the memory location has to be resolved at time and thus it cannot be overloaded.<br><br><br>
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Posted by: Sunil Paduchuru

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Most operators can be overloaded by a programmer. The exceptions are<br><br> . (dot) :: ?: sizeof<br><br>There is no fundamental reason to disallow overloading of ?:. I just didn't see the need to introduce the special case of overloading a ternary operator. Note that a function overloading expr1?expr2:expr3 would not be able to guarantee that only one of expr2 and expr3 was executed.<br><br>Sizeof cannot be overloaded because built-in operations, such as incrementing a pointer into an array implicitly depends on it. Consider:<br><br> X a[10];<br> X* p = &a[3];<br> X* q = &a[3];<br> p++; // p points to a[4]<br> // thus the integer value of p must be<br> // sizeof(X) larger than the integer value of q<br><br>Thus, sizeof(X) could not be given a new and different meaning by the programmer without violating basic language rules.<br><br>In N::m neither N nor m are expressions with values; N and m are names known to the compiler and :: performs a (compile time) scope resolution rather than an expression evaluation. One could imagine allowing overloading of x::y where x is an object rather than a namespace or a class, but that would - contrary to first appearances - involve introducing new syntax (to allow expr::expr). It is not obvious what benefits such a complication would bring.<br><br>Operator . (dot) could in principle be overloaded using the same technique as used for ->. However, doing so can lead to questions about whether an operation is meant for the object overloading . or an object referred to by . For example:<br><br> class Y {<br> public:<br> void f();<br> // ...<br> };<br><br> class X { // assume that you can overload .<br> Y* p;<br> Y& operator.() { return *p; }<br> void f();<br> // ...<br> };<br><br> void g(X& x)<br> {<br> x.f(); // X::f or Y::f or error?<br> }<br><br>This problem can be solved in several ways. At the time of standardization, it was not obvious which way would be best. For more details, see D&E.
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Posted by: Hitesh

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these type of operator don't there own value,but in overloading not change there own value while overloading that's why if there don't have any value how this is possible to overload..
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Posted by: pratik arya

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these operators are not used in other meanigful restriction<br>for example + used in addition and sign that operators are used in<br>numerical calculation depends on precedence
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Posted by: pon babitha

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(.)dot operators cann't use in operator overloading because dot is predifined for software programe,with out dot we cann't acess namespase,calling of an object,inheretance.so if we use as overloading it may confuse to the software programe
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Posted by: sridhar

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